In a blog post today, Google announced that Fiber has expanded to the city of West Des Moines, IA, the first expansion in four years. From these Google fiber cabins, fiber cables travel along utility poles to neighborhoods and homes, and stop at a fiber connector (an optical network terminal or ONT) in each home. Time magazine has stated that instead of actually wanting to operate as an Internet service provider, the company was only hoping to embarrass major cable operators to improve their service so that Google searches could be performed faster. Of course, Google Fiber's main selling point, gigabit broadband, is no longer as unique as it was ten years ago.
The description provided was that Google Fiber to the Pole provides ubiquitous gigabit connectivity to fiber hoods throughout Kansas City. To avoid the complexity of underground cabling during the last mile, Google Fiber relies on aggregators called Google Fiber Huts. The Gigabit Internet service includes one terabyte of Google Drive service and the TV service includes a two-terabyte DVR in addition to Google Drive. Google also offers free Google fiber-optic internet connectivity in each of its markets to select public and affordable housing.
Google Fiber Internet service is available for connection 99.9% of the time, excluding customer power outages. In response to this digital divide, Google sent a team of 60 employees to underserved areas to promote the Google Fiber service. AT%26T and other Internet service providers have launched their own gigabit services since Google Fiber was revealed. San Antonio, the seventh-largest city in the country, is the largest project Google Fiber has carried out to date.
As part of this restructuring plan, Google Fiber would become a subsidiary of Alphabet and could be part of the Access and Energy business unit.